DELINEATED BORDER


Pakistan-Iran
We start at the Pakistan-Iran border, a contested zone demarcated by the Goldschmid Line. It is a border that by its very name indicates its colonial legacy, cutting across an aspirant nation - the ethnic Baloch population. What used to be a fairly porous border has been fortified recently with the construction of a border wall by Iran. We will be working across two Pakistani cities, Gwadar in Balochistan province very close to the border, and Karachi, which is the major port city where the majority of migrants gather to begin their journey.


DISPLACED BORDER


Turkey-Greece
Our second site is part of the East Mediterranean route focusing on the Aegean Sea, where migrants including those from Pakistan attempt to cross the displaced borders of EU countries. A product of the establishment of the Schengen zone in the 1990s and its distinction between internal and external borders. We will be focusing on Istanbul and Thessaloniki, two cities at the centre of the current migrant crisis.


DISPERSED BORDER


UK Border
The final site is London and Birmingham in the UK, a country that is one of the favoured destinations of migrants from Pakistan. Whilst situated outside the Schengen zone, the UK takes advantage of the hardening and displacement of European borders. Within the UK the border functions as a set of governmental practices that are connected to a geography of control, apprehension and detention. For Pakistani migrants, this border is especially prevalent as deportations of Pakistanis are amongst the highest with regular charter flights being operated by the UK Border Force.